An copeland compressor is a transducer that converts other forms of energy into potential energy stored in the form of compressed air. The converted energy may be, electric or fuel energy such as petrol or diesel. Compressing involves using one or more methods to pump water into a particularly designed storage tank. The pumping process is halted when a certain limit is reached to prevent the storage tank to blow. The compressed air and potential energy is then kept, awaiting use.
The topic on air compressors is wide and the following script will offer insight around; classification of air compressors, their design concept, types of air compressors and the various applications of the air compressing technology.
To start, Commercial air compressor can be classified according to the amount of pressure they can handle. This section presents three categories. The low-pressure air compressors are the bottom ranked type. It’s specialized in handling air pressures of around 150 psi and below. Medium pressure compressors are the middle class in this category, they are able to discharge pressure from 150 to 1000 psi, and the highest and final category is the high-pressure compressors which handle pressure above 1000 psi.
Taking into consideration the design concept, they can be categorized into three classes according to the principle applied in compressing the air. There are the rotary screw compressors, which makes use of helical screws that direct air into a chamber when they are turned. Vane compressors are known for their high-pressure delivery at fixed volumes. Finally, there is the piston type of air compressors, where the constant motion of pistons with the help of a valve is used to pump air into a storage location. All the above-mentioned designs offer a positive displacement type of compression.
It is also equally important to describe the various general components of an air compressing system. The main and most visible part is the tank, also known as the receiver. This is the section that stores the compressed air. It’s made of metal that can withstand high pressure. The tank has a valve which prevents flow back of air. There is the electric motor which powers the compressor pump. It an electronic device that drives pulleys and belts to control the compressing pump. The compressing pump is another important section of the air compressor. It’s responsible for reducing the volume of air in two stages of compression. The final basic part is the pressure switch that mechanically switches off or on to control the inflow or outflow of air.
Finally, commercial air compressor comes with various vital applications. They can be used to in supplying clean air to gas cylinders. They can also be used to supply air to HVAC systems in buildings. Air compressors are the basic power supplier of pneumatic tools such as jackhammers. Filling tires is another important application of air compressors. Hospital oxygen supply tanks are also other devices that use air compressors to operate. With this variety of usage and efficiency, air compressors are commercially produced to meet their ever growing demand.